The award was created in 1901 to recognize people who had carried out “the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses”. Leading IPU figures won the first three editions.
Even before the Nobel Peace Prize was created, the IPU had already come a long way in promoting these principles. After our foundation in 1889, we worked on the arbitration of conflicts, although over time our mission evolved towards the promotion of democracy and inter-parliamentary dialogue.
We were instrumental in developing and codifying international customary law in the field of arbitration and helped lay the foundations for the creation of the League of Nations after World War I and the United Nations after World War II.
Our Nobel Peace Prize laureates—including a former Prime Minister—were from different countries, backgrounds and political opinion, but shared a commitment to our organization and a passion for peace. Find out more about these extraordinary men.